Mosquitoes are pesky insects that can bother and bite any person from infants to the elderly. Although generally harmless, mosquito bites can be itchy and make your child miserable.However, depending on where you live, mosquitos can also carry diseases such as dengue and malaria. By wearing mosquitos repellents and securing the surrounding environment, you can protect your baby from mosquitoes.
Put on protective clothing. If you’re going to be in a mosquito-heavy area or outside for longer periods of time, dress your baby in loose, long-sleeved shirts and pants. Clothing can help prevent bites on its own or be used in conjunction with chemical or natural repellent products.
Put moderately loose-fitting and light-colored fabrics on your baby. This can prevent bugs from biting through the clothing. Make sure that as much of your baby’s skin as possible is covered by the clothing. Have him or her wear long pants, long-sleeved, shirts, and closed toe socks or shoes. You may also want to protect your baby’s head with a hat.
Avoid bright or flowered-print clothing, which can attract mosquitoes
Choose the right mosquito repellent
Chemical repellents are considered the most effective mosquito repellents available. Most of them are effective for about two to five hours after application, depending on the concentration of the chemical in the product.
However, do not use repellents on babies less than two months of age. For babies over two months of age, experts recommend that parents choose the lowest concentration of chemical possible.
The most common chemical in Indian mosquito repellents is N, N-diethyl-benzamide (DEB). Some repellents contain DEET as well. Don't use a repellent with more than 30 per cent DEET, picaridin or IR3535 on your baby.
Nets can be very effective if used well and the advantage is that, they have no negative health effects. If you share your bed with your baby, you can use a big net over your bed. Make sure to keep nets securely attached. Check to see that no mosquitoes are caught under the net.
If your baby sleeps in a cot next to your bed, you can use a separate cot net. However, keep in mind that cot nets can become ineffective if you are taking your baby out of his bed to feedor change a nappy several times a night.
Mosquito screens on doors and windows
To keep mosquitoes out of your house, install wire mesh and screens on doors and windows.
Nylon insect screens are another good option. These screens are attached to the windows with Velcro and can be regularly washed.
These measures will prevent mosquitoes, bugs and insects from entering your home. And will let you enjoy the benefits of fresh air, day in and out.
Close any gaps in the window or door frames as well. Attach pest control door stopper brushes on doors so that insects and bugs don’t find their way in from under the doors.
You'll find a range of products, from incense sticks to scented candles and essential oils, that repel mosquitoes and can also help to keep your house mosquito-free and smelling nice.
Some scents such as lemongrass, citronella, cedar, neem, lavender, eucalyptus, and soybean can help repel mosquitoes. On the other hand, floral and fruity scents perfumes tend to attract mosquitoes and insects.
It’s possible that some products contain synthetic compounds or a mixture of fragrances that might attract mosquitoes. So, as far as possible, try to use fragrance-free lotions, soap, oils, shampoos and toiletries.
Many mums swear by home remedies and natural methods of repelling mosquitoes. Some mums prefer to use homeopathic treatments while some may choose to use cloves (laung) in lime (nimbu). However, there's not enough evidence to prove how efficient they are.
If you want to try home remedies, take care to always use other ways of repelling mosquitoes alongside. Use repellents that are applied to the skin, protective clothing and/or mosquito nets.
It's important to get rid of any places where mosquitoes thrive. Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water and can lay their eggs in very small amounts of water.
Make sure that any water tanks, drums and buckets are covered so the mosquitoes can’t get in. Don’t leave water in coolers, plant pots, flower vases, indoor plants and pet dishes for too long.
It takes seven to 10 days for mosquito eggs to hatch. So, change the water in containers often. Clean all water containers once a week. Make sure to scrub the sides well.
Add a few drops of kerosene oil to open drains, small ponds and other places where stagnant water remains. The oil forms a thin film over the water and stops mosquitoes from breeding.
In many areas, there will be spraying or fogging organised to get rid of the mosquitoes, but you could do a check around your own house or your own building to make sure that there's no standing water or areas where mosquitoes could breed.
Remove any dry or rotting leaves, old tyres, tin cans, jars, bottles or empty flowerpots around your home. They can all collect rainwater.
Mosquitoes thrive in warm and humid weather so be cautious during the mosquito season. To keep your family safe, learn about the symptoms, treatment and preventative measures of mosquito-borne diseases
Answer: Baking Soda
One of the most popular home remedies for mosquito bites on babies is baking soda which is inexpensive. Its alkaline characteristics are beneficial for restoring the pH level on the skin and reducing itchiness quickly.
• One teaspoon of baking soda should be dissolved in 1 cup of water.
• A clean cloth needs to be dipped in it and placed over itchy areas for about 10-15 minutes.
With anesthetic and anti-inflammatory properties, lemon is one of the simplest and most effective home remedies for mosquito bites on babies.
• A lemon should be cut into 2 pieces and rubbed over affected areas.
• Alternatively, you can use freshly squeezed lemon juice to rub over the skin.
Also being anti-inflammatory and antiseptic, sea salt is another effective home remedy for mosquito bites on babies which you can find immediately in the kitchen. Simply use the sea salt water to clean the skin areas bitten by mosquitoes. You can also combine garlic salt and water to get better results.
When a baby’s skin becomes swollen due to mosquito bites, a soothing ingredient like garlichelps. It has been used commonly to cope with swelling and itchiness for years. Furthermore, the strong smell of garlic will deter mosquitoes.
• Rub garlic over areas bitten by mosquitoes.
• Several minutes later, use water to clean the skin.
Known as a natural antiseptic agent, aloe vera is one of the best home remedies for mosquito bites on babies. Not only is it beneficial for the skin, but it is also effective in treating swelling, itchiness and pain.
• Keep the gel in the fridge 10-15 minutes to make it cold first.
• Then, apply it immediately over areas affected.
The coldness of ice cubes will prevent inflammatory substances from distributing to areas bitten by mosquitoes. As a result, your babies will not feel pain or itchy any more. Ice is really one of the simplest, but most effective home remedies for mosquito bites on babies.
• Hold some ice cubes in a clean cloth.
• Dab it over the skin in approximately 15 minutes.
Toothpaste can be dabbed directly over areas bitten by mosquitoes to reduce the itchy and painful feeling within a short period of time. Stick to holistic varieties free of fluoride and Sodium Lauryl Sulfate.
A variety of applications of honey in the medical world come from its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities. Spreading a thin layer of honey on a mosquito bite soothes and curbs inflammation.
Apple Cider Vinegar
With its alkaline nature, apple cider vinegar can be regarded as one of the greatest home remedies for mosquito bites. However, it should be diluted in warm water and the mixture should be applied sparingly to babies.
Last but not least, used tea bags work thanks to the high content of tannins which are astringent. Tea bags can reduce itchiness quickly by removing fluids in the bite.