Answer: High blood sugar levels during pregnancy can lead to gestational diabetes, putting you and your developing baby at risk. During pregnancy, your body makes more insulin to maintain healthy blood sugar levels, but sometimes you don’t produce enough. Gestational diabetes may cause your baby to have breathing difficulties, jaundice, low blood sugar and obesity later in life. It puts you at risk for having a larger baby, which can lead to problems in the delivery room and high blood pressure. With diet and exercise, you may be able to control your blood sugar levels without taking insulin or medication.
Follow these guidelines to prepare your diet plan
1)Add carbs-Carbohydrate containing foods are ranked by how they affect your blood sugar levels, which is known as the glycemic index. High-glycemic index foods digest rapidly, raising blood sugar levels. They are usually refined and processed, such as white breads and rice, baked goods and many breakfast cereals. Low-glycemic index foods take longer to digest and help you avoid spikes in blood sugar. These are whole, natural foods like beans, seeds, whole grains such as oatmeal and barley, and fruits and vegetables. During pregnancy, avoid refined and processed foods and stick to whole foods.
2) Add probiotics- they are live bacteria, similar to the friendly bacteria in your stomach, that promote digestive health. Friendly bacteria regulate metabolism of carbohydrates, which keeps your blood sugar levels in a healthy range. You can opt for natural yogurt with active cultures, but steer clear of those with extra sugar and corn syrup, which will counteract the benefits of the probiotics.
3) A portion of fiber-They are best for diabetes as they do not raise your blood sugar levels because your body doesn’t break it down. There are two types of fiber: insoluble and soluble. Insoluble fiber keeps your digestive system healthy and is found in whole-wheat products, such as chapati,dailya oats. Next are pulses. Fruits and vegetables boast a mix of both fibers.
4) Protein-Include a lean protein source, such as poultry, nuts or eggs, with all your meals and snacks. Protein keeps your blood sugar levels in control, boosts energy and keeps you feeling full longer.
5)Fats-Healthy fats found in nuts, avocados, coconut and olive oils also keep you satiated, which will prevent you from reaching for an unhealthy snack or binging later on when that growing baby has got you famished.
You might find it hard to stomach breakfast, especially early on in your pregnancy, but it is the most important meal of the day. Blood sugar levels are unsteady in the mornings, so limit carbohydrates, avoid juice and up your protein intake. Distribute your calories and carbohydrates throughout the rest of the day with two additional meals and two snacks. Don’t skip a meal and be consistent about when you eat to keep your sugar levels in check.